view toys/lsb/mount.c @ 1539:3e85af1f7e22 draft

First batch of sed tests. Only good for TEST_HOST=1 at the moment because the test infrastructure itself depends on sed, so if an unfinished sed is in the $PATH it goes boing. But hey, corner cases! I have... more.
author Rob Landley <>
date Wed, 29 Oct 2014 18:44:33 -0500
parents 22691dfb17b9
children 9b906eb047e8
line wrap: on
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/* mount.c - mount filesystems
 * Copyright 2014 Rob Landley <>
 * See
 * Note: -hV is bad spec, haven't implemented -FsLU yet
 * no mtab (/proc/mounts does it) so -n is NOP.


config MOUNT
  bool "mount"
  default y
    usage: mount [-afFrsvw] [-t TYPE] [-o OPTIONS...] [[DEVICE] DIR]

    Mount new filesystem(s) on directories. With no arguments, display existing

    -a	mount all entries in /etc/fstab (with -t, only entries of that TYPE)
    -O	only mount -a entries that have this option
    -f	fake it (don't actually mount)
    -r	read only (same as -o ro)
    -w	read/write (default, same as -o rw)
    -t	specify filesystem type
    -v	verbose

    OPTIONS is a comma separated list of options, which can also be supplied
    as --longopts.

    This mount autodetects loopback mounts (a file on a directory) and
    bind mounts (file on file, directory on directory), so you don't need
    to say --bind or --loop. You can also "mount -a /path" to mount everything
    in /etc/fstab under /path, even if it's noauto.

  bool "nfsmount"
  default n
    usage: nfsmount SHARE DIR

    Invoke an eldrich horror from the dawn of time.

#define FOR_mount
#include "toys.h"

  struct arg_list *optlist;
  char *type;
  char *bigO;

  unsigned long flags;
  char *opts;
  int okuser;

// TODO detect existing identical mount (procfs with different dev name?)
// TODO user, users, owner, group, nofail
// TODO -p (passfd)
// TODO -a -t notype,type2
// TODO --subtree
// TODO --rbind, -R
// TODO make "mount --bind,ro old new" work (implicit -o remount)
// TODO mount -a
// TODO mount -o remount
// TODO fstab: lookup default options for mount
// TODO implement -v
// TODO "mount -a -o remount,ro" should detect overmounts
// TODO work out how that differs from "mount -ar"
// TODO what if you --bind mount a block device somewhere (file, dir, dev)
// TODO "touch servername; mount -t cifs servername path"
// TODO mount -o remount a user mount
// TODO mount image.img sub (auto-loopback) then umount image.img

// Strip flags out of comma separated list of options, return flags,.
static long flag_opts(char *new, long flags, char **more)
  struct {
    char *name;
    long flags;
  } opts[] = {
    // NOPs (we autodetect --loop and --bind)
    {"loop", 0}, {"bind", 0}, {"defaults", 0}, {"quiet", 0},
    {"user", 0}, {"nouser", 0}, // checked in fstab, ignored in -o
    {"ro", MS_RDONLY}, {"rw", ~MS_RDONLY},
    {"nosuid", MS_NOSUID}, {"suid", ~MS_NOSUID},
    {"nodev", MS_NODEV}, {"dev", ~MS_NODEV},
    {"noexec", MS_NOEXEC}, {"exec", ~MS_NOEXEC},
    {"sync", MS_SYNCHRONOUS}, {"async", ~MS_SYNCHRONOUS},
    {"noatime", MS_NOATIME}, {"atime", ~MS_NOATIME},
    {"nodiratime", MS_NODIRATIME}, {"diratime", ~MS_NODIRATIME},
    {"loud", ~MS_SILENT},
    {"shared", MS_SHARED}, {"rshared", MS_SHARED|MS_REC},
    {"slave", MS_SLAVE}, {"rslave", MS_SLAVE|MS_REC},
    {"private", MS_PRIVATE}, {"rprivate", MS_SLAVE|MS_REC},
    {"unbindable", MS_UNBINDABLE}, {"runbindable", MS_UNBINDABLE|MS_REC},
    {"remount", MS_REMOUNT}, {"move", MS_MOVE},
    // mand dirsync rec iversion strictatime

  if (new) for (;;) {
    char *comma = strchr(new, ',');
    int i;

    if (comma) *comma = 0;

    // If we recognize an option, apply flags
    for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_LEN(opts); i++) if (!strcasecmp(opts[i].name, new)) {
      long ll = opts[i].flags;

      if (ll < 0) flags &= ll;
      else flags |= ll;


    // If we didn't recognize it, keep string version
    if (more && i == ARRAY_LEN(opts)) {
      i = *more ? strlen(*more) : 0;
      *more = xrealloc(*more, i + strlen(new) + 2);
      if (i) (*more)[i++] = ',';
      strcpy(i+*more, new);

    if (!comma) break;
    *comma = ',';
    new = comma + 1;

  return flags;

static void mount_filesystem(char *dev, char *dir, char *type,
  unsigned long flags, char *opts)
  FILE *fp = 0;
  int rc = EINVAL;
  char *buf = 0;

  if (toys.optflags & FLAG_f) return;

  if (getuid()) {
    if (TT.okuser) TT.okuser = 0;
    else {
      error_msg("'%s' not user mountable in fstab");

  // Autodetect bind mount or filesystem type

  if (type && !strcmp(type, "auto")) type = 0;
  if (flags & MS_MOVE) {
    if (type) error_exit("--move with -t");
  } else if (!type) {
    struct stat stdev, stdir;

    // file on file or dir on dir is a --bind mount.
    if (!stat(dev, &stdev) && !stat(dir, &stdir)
        && ((S_ISREG(stdev.st_mode) && S_ISREG(stdir.st_mode))
            || (S_ISDIR(stdev.st_mode) && S_ISDIR(stdir.st_mode))))
      flags |= MS_BIND;
    } else fp = xfopen("/proc/filesystems", "r");
  } else if (!strcmp(type, "ignore")) return;
  else if (!strcmp(type, "swap"))
    toys.exitval |= xrun((char *[]){"swapon", "--", dev, 0});

  for (;;) {
    // If type wasn't specified, try all of them in order.
    if (fp && !buf) {
      size_t i;

      if (getline(&buf, &i, fp)<0) break;
      type = buf;
      // skip nodev devices
      if (!isspace(*type)) {
        buf = 0;

      // trim whitespace
      while (isspace(*type)) type++;
      i = strlen(type);
      if (i) type[i-1] = 0;
    if (toys.optflags & FLAG_v)
      printf("try '%s' type '%s' on '%s'\n", dev, type, dir);
    for (;;) {
      rc = mount(dev, dir, type, flags, opts);
      if ((rc != EACCES && rc != EROFS) || (flags & MS_RDONLY)) break;
      fprintf(stderr, "'%s' is read-only", dev);
      flags |= MS_RDONLY;

    // Trying to autodetect loop mounts like bind mounts above (file on dir)
    // isn't good enough because "mount -t ext2 fs.img dir" is valid, but if
    // you _do_ accept loop mounts with -t how do you tell "-t cifs" isn't
    // looking for a block device if it's not in /proc/filesystems yet
    // because the module that won't be loaded until you try the mount, and
    // if you can't then DEVICE existing as a file would cause a false
    // positive loopback mount (so "touch servername" becomes a potential
    // denial of service attack...)
    // Solution: try the mount, let the kernel tell us it wanted a block
    // device, then do the loopback setup and retry the mount.

    if (rc && errno == ENOTBLK) {
      char *losetup[] = {"losetup", "-fs", dev, 0};
      int pipe, len;
      pid_t pid;

      if (flags & MS_RDONLY) losetup[1] = "-fsr";
      pid = xpopen(losetup, &pipe, 1);
      len = readall(pipe, toybuf, sizeof(toybuf)-1);
      rc = xpclose(pid, pipe);
      if (!rc && len > 1) {
        if (toybuf[len-1] == '\n') --len;
        toybuf[len] = 0;
        dev = toybuf;

      error_msg("losetup failed %d", rc);


    buf = 0;
    if (!rc) break;
    if (fp && (errno == EINVAL || errno == EBUSY)) continue;

    perror_msg("'%s'->'%s'", dev, dir);

  if (fp) fclose(fp);

void mount_main(void)
  char *opts = 0, *dev = 0, *dir = 0, **ss;
  long flags = MS_SILENT;
  struct arg_list *o;
  struct mtab_list *mtl, *mm, *remount = 0;

// remount
//   - overmounts
// shared subtree
// -o parsed after fstab options
// test if mountpoint already exists (-o noremount?)

  // First pass; just accumulate string, don't parse flags yet. (This is so
  // we can modify fstab entries with -a, or mtab with remount.)
  for (o = TT.optlist; o; o = o->next) comma_collate(&opts, o->arg);
  if (toys.optflags & FLAG_r) comma_collate(&opts, "ro");
  if (toys.optflags & FLAG_w) comma_collate(&opts, "rw");

  // Treat each --option as -o option
  for (ss = toys.optargs; *ss; ss++) {
    char *sss = *ss;

    // If you realy, really want to mount a file named "--", we support it.
    if (sss[0]=='-' && sss[1]=='-' && sss[2]) comma_collate(&opts, sss+2);
    else if (!dev) dev = sss;
    else if (!dir) dir = sss;
    // same message as lib/args.c ">2" which we can't use because --opts count
    else error_exit("Max 2 arguments\n");

  if ((toys.optflags & FLAG_a) && dir) error_exit("-a with >1 arg");

  // For remount we need _last_ match (in case of overmounts), so traverse
  // in reverse order.
  if (comma_scan(opts, "remount", 1))
    remount = dlist_terminate(mtl = xgetmountlist("/proc/mounts"));

  // Do we need to do an /etc/fstab trawl?
  // This covers -a, -o remount, one argument, all user mounts
  if ((toys.optflags & FLAG_a) || (dev && (!dir || getuid() || remount))) {
    if (!remount) dlist_terminate(mtl = xgetmountlist("/etc/fstab"));

    for (mm = remount ? remount : mtl; mm; mm = (remount ? mm->prev : mm->next))
      int aflags, noauto, len;
      char *aopts = 0;

      // Check for noauto and get it out of the option list. (Unknown options
      // that make it to the kernel give filesystem drivers indigestion.)
      noauto = comma_scan(mm->opts, "noauto", 1);
      if (toys.optflags & FLAG_a) {
        // "mount -a /path" to mount all entries under /path
        if (dev) {
           len = strlen(dev);
           if (strncmp(dev, mm->dir, len)
               || (mm->dir[len] && mm->dir[len] != '/')) continue;
        } else if (noauto) continue; // never present in the remount case
        if (!mountlist_istype(mm,TT.type) || !comma_scanall(mm->opts,TT.bigO))
      } else {
        if (dir && strcmp(dir, mm->dir)) continue;
        if (dev && strcmp(dev, mm->device) && (dir || strcmp(dev, mm->dir)))

      // user only counts from fstab, not opts.
      TT.okuser = comma_scan(mm->opts, "user", 1);
      aflags = flag_opts(mm->opts, flags, &aopts);
      aflags = flag_opts(opts, aflags, &aopts);

      mount_filesystem(mm->device, mm->dir, mm->type, aflags, aopts);

      if (!(toys.optflags & FLAG_a)) break;
    if (CFG_TOYBOX_FREE) llist_traverse(mtl, free);
    if (!mm && !(toys.optflags & FLAG_a))
      error_exit("'%s' not in %s", dir ? dir : dev,
                 remount ? "/proc/mounts" : "fstab");

  // show mounts from /proc/mounts
  } else if (!dev) {
    for (mtl = xgetmountlist(0); mtl && (mm = dlist_pop(&mtl)); free(mm)) {
      char *s = 0;

      if (TT.type && strcmp(TT.type, mm->type)) continue;
      if (*mm->device == '/') s = xabspath(mm->device, 0);
      xprintf("%s on %s type %s (%s)\n",
              s ? s : mm->device, mm->dir, mm->type, mm->opts);

  // two arguments
  } else {
    char *more = 0;

    mount_filesystem(dev, dir, TT.type, flag_opts(opts, flags, &more), more);
    if (CFG_TOYBOX_FREE) free(more);