view toys/posix/tail.c @ 1183:0752b2d58909 draft

Rename xmsprintf() to just xmprintf(). Partly because there's no supplied target string ala sprintf, and partly because I can never remember what order the m and s go in.
author Rob Landley <rob@landley.net>
date Thu, 16 Jan 2014 09:26:50 -0600
parents ef72a16f4b3a
children 1d996b0a11c0
line wrap: on
line source

/* tail.c - copy last lines from input to stdout.
 *
 * Copyright 2012 Timothy Elliott <tle@holymonkey.com>
 *
 * See http://opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9699919799/utilities/tail.html

USE_TAIL(NEWTOY(tail, "fc-n-[-cn]", TOYFLAG_BIN))

config TAIL
  bool "tail"
  default y
  help
    usage: tail [-n|c NUMBER] [-f] [FILE...]

    Copy last lines from files to stdout. If no files listed, copy from
    stdin. Filename "-" is a synonym for stdin.

    -n	output the last NUMBER lines (default 10), +X counts from start.
    -c	output the last NUMBER bytes, +NUMBER counts from start
    -f	follow FILE(s), waiting for more data to be appended

config TAIL_SEEK
  bool "tail seek support"
  default y
  depends on TAIL
  help
    This version uses lseek, which is faster on large files.
*/

#define FOR_tail
#include "toys.h"

GLOBALS(
  long lines;
  long bytes;

  int file_no;
)

struct line_list {
  struct line_list *next, *prev;
  char *data;
  int len;
};

static struct line_list *get_chunk(int fd, int len)
{
  struct line_list *line = xmalloc(sizeof(struct line_list)+len);

  memset(line, 0, sizeof(struct line_list));
  line->data = ((char *)line) + sizeof(struct line_list);
  line->len = readall(fd, line->data, len);

  if (line->len < 1) {
    free(line);
    return 0;
  }

  return line;
}

static void dump_chunk(void *ptr)
{
  struct line_list *list = ptr;

  xwrite(1, list->data, list->len);
  free(list);
}

// Reading through very large files is slow.  Using lseek can speed things
// up a lot, but isn't applicable to all input (cat | tail).
// Note: bytes and lines are negative here.
static int try_lseek(int fd, long bytes, long lines)
{
  struct line_list *list = 0, *temp;
  int flag = 0, chunk = sizeof(toybuf);
  ssize_t pos = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_END);

  // If lseek() doesn't work on this stream, return now.
  if (pos<0) return 0;

  // Seek to the right spot, output data from there.
  if (bytes) {
    if (lseek(fd, bytes, SEEK_END)<0) lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_SET);
    xsendfile(fd, 1);
    return 1;
  }

  // Read from end to find enough lines, then output them.

  bytes = pos;
  while (lines && pos) {
    int offset;

    // Read in next chunk from end of file
    if (chunk>pos) chunk = pos;
    pos -= chunk;
    if (pos != lseek(fd, pos, SEEK_SET)) {
      perror_msg("seek failed");
      break;
    }
    if (!(temp = get_chunk(fd, chunk))) break;
    temp->next = list;
    list = temp;

    // Count newlines in this chunk.
    offset = list->len;
    while (offset--) {
      // If the last line ends with a newline, that one doesn't count.
      if (!flag) flag++;

      // Start outputting data right after newline
      else if (list->data[offset] == '\n' && !++lines) {
        offset++;
        list->data += offset;
        list->len -= offset;

        break;
      }
    }
  }

  // Output stored data
  llist_traverse(list, dump_chunk);

  // In case of -f
  lseek(fd, bytes, SEEK_SET);
  return 1;
}

// Called for each file listed on command line, and/or stdin
static void do_tail(int fd, char *name)
{
  long bytes = TT.bytes, lines = TT.lines;
  int linepop = 1;

  if (toys.optc > 1) {
    if (TT.file_no++) xputc('\n');
    xprintf("==> %s <==\n", name);
  }

  // Are we measuring from the end of the file?

  if (bytes<0 || lines<0) {
    struct line_list *list = 0, *new;

    // The slow codepath is always needed, and can handle all input,
    // so make lseek support optional.
    if (CFG_TAIL_SEEK && try_lseek(fd, bytes, lines)) return;

    // Read data until we run out, keep a trailing buffer
    for (;;) {
      // Read next page of data, appending to linked list in order
      if (!(new = get_chunk(fd, sizeof(toybuf)))) break;
      dlist_add_nomalloc((void *)&list, (void *)new);

      // If tracing bytes, add until we have enough, discarding overflow.
      if (TT.bytes) {
        bytes += new->len;
        if (bytes > 0) {
          while (list->len <= bytes) {
            bytes -= list->len;
            free(dlist_pop(&list));
          }
          list->data += bytes;
          list->len -= bytes;
        }
      } else {
        int len = new->len, count;
        char *try = new->data;

        // First character _after_ a newline starts a new line, which
        // works even if file doesn't end with a newline
        for (count=0; count<len; count++) {
          if (linepop) lines++;
          linepop = try[count] == '\n';

          if (lines > 0) {
            do {
              if (!--(list->len)) free(dlist_pop(&list));
            } while (*(list->data++) != '\n');
            lines--;
          }
        }
      }
    }

    // Output/free the buffer.
    llist_traverse(list, dump_chunk);

  // Measuring from the beginning of the file.
  } else for (;;) {
    int len, offset = 0;

    // Error while reading does not exit.  Error writing does.
    len = read(fd, toybuf, sizeof(toybuf));
    if (len<1) break;
    while (bytes > 1 || lines > 1) {
      bytes--;
      if (toybuf[offset++] == '\n') lines--;
      if (offset >= len) break;
    }
    if (offset<len) xwrite(1, toybuf+offset, len-offset);
  }

  // -f support: cache name/descriptor
}

void tail_main(void)
{
  // if nothing specified, default -n to -10
  if (!(toys.optflags&(FLAG_n|FLAG_c))) TT.lines = -10;

  loopfiles(toys.optargs, do_tail);

  // do -f stuff
}