100 of the most significant events in Linux history.
As part of our 100th issue celebration, we
present 100 of the most significant events in Linux history. As shown
in the timeline, the first issue of Linux Journal coincided with
the release of Linux 1.0. Ever since, the fortunes of our magazine have
followed those of Linux at large.
It's been a wild eight years, filled with a variety of exciting
events. Choosing only 100 was a difficult task, and certainly some readers
will be quick to point out events they would have chosen that we did not,
but the following manages to maintain the roller-coaster ride that is
We would like to recognize our indebtedness to Rebecca Sobol and
Jonathan Corbet at Linux Weekly News, for allowing us to borrow heavily
from the timeline featured on their site and for their accurate and
gracious historical editing.
``Hello everybody out there using minix -
I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won't be
big and professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones. This has been
brewing since april, and is starting to get ready. I'd like any
feedback on things people like/dislike in minix, as my OS resembles
it somewhat (same physical layout of the file-system (due to practical
reasons) among other things).
I've currently ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.40), and things seem
to work. This implies that I'll get something practical within a
few months, and I'd like to know what features most people would
want. Any suggestions are welcome, but I won't promise I'll
implement them :-) Linus (
PS. Yes - it's free of any minix code, and it has a
multi-threaded fs. It is NOT protable (uses 386 task switching etc),
and it probably never will support anything other than AT-harddisks,
as that's all I have :-(.''
Linux version 0.01 is released and put on the Net.
The first Linux newsgroup, comp.os.linux, is proposed and started by
Peter MacDonald announces SLS, the first standalone Linux install.
At least 10MB of space on disk was recommended.
Slackware, by Patrick Volkerding, becomes the first commercial
standalone distribution and quickly becomes popular within the Linux
Matt Welsh's Linux Installation and Getting Started,
version 1 is released. This is the first book on Linux.
The first issue of Linux Journal is published. This issue
featured an interview with Linus Torvalds and articles written by Phil
Hughes, Robert ``Bob'' Young, Michael K. Johnson, Arnold
Robbins, Matt Welsh, Ian A. Murdock, Frank B. Brokken, K. Kubat, Micahel
Kraehe and Bernie Thompson. Advertisers in the premier issue include
Algorithms Inc., Amtec Engineering, Basmark, Fintronic (later became
VA Research, VA Linux Systems, then...), Infomagic, Prime
Time Freeware, Promox, Signum Support, SSC, Trans Ameritech, USENIX,
Windsor Tech and Yggdrasil.
Linux 1.0 is released.
While at a conference in New Orleans, Jon ``maddog''
Hall persuades Linus to port Linux to DEC's 64-bit Alpha computer
processor chip. Less than two weeks later, maddog had also persuaded
DEC to fund the project. An Alpha workstation was immediately sent
to Linus. ``Digital [DEC] and the Linux community formed the first
truly successful venture of suits and Linux geeks working together'',
Linux International, a nonprofit vendor organization, is founded by
Jon ``maddog'' Hall. Linux International goes on to become
a major contributor to the success of Linux, helping corporations and
others work toward the promotion of the Linux operating system.
Linux trademark dispute: is Linux trademarked? William R. Della
Croce, Jr. files for the trademark ``Linux'' on August 15, 1994,
and it is registered in September. Della Croce has no known involvement
in the Linux community yet sends letters out to prominent Linux companies
demanding money for use of the trademark ``Linux''. A lawsuit
is filed in 1996 against Della Croce. Plaintiffs in the suit include
Linus Torvalds; Specialized Systems Consultants, Inc. (publishers of
Linux Journal); Yggdrasil Computing, Inc.; Linux International; and
WorkGroup Solutions (also known as LinuxMall). The plaintiffs prevail,
and in 1997 announce the matter as settled by the assignment of the mark
to Linus Torvalds on behalf of all Petitioners and Linux users.
Linux is first mentioned in the mainstream press. Wired
magazine features an article titled ``Kernel Kid'', by Seth
Rosenthal. He writes: ``So, is Linus going to become the Bill
Gates of Finland? Maybe not. He claims to be by no means a good
student' and is in no hurry to graduate since Linux has
taken a lot of time from my studies, and I like the work I have at the
University which keeps me alive.'''
Randolph Bentson reports on the world's first vendor-supported
Linux device driver in Linux Journal. Cyclades gave him a multiport
serial card in exchange for developing a Linux driver for it.
A major tradeshow and conference take notice of Linux. Open Systems
World features a Linux track, hosted by Linux Journal. Two days
of seminars include Eric Youngdale, Donald Becker, Dirk Hohndel, Phil
Hughes, Michael K. Johnson and David Wexelblat as speakers.
Linux Expo, the first Linux-specific tradeshow and conference series,
launches, thanks to the folks at North Carolina State University and in
particular, Donnie Barnes. Speakers include Marc Ewing, Rik Faith and
Michael K. Johnson, among others. Linux Expo snowballs and becomes the
most popular and well-attended annual Linux show for the next several
years (after three years Red Hat takes over organization and becomes the
major sponsor). The price for entry into the exhibit hall and a pass to
the conferences? $4.
First ``Linux virus'' discovered. Called
Bliss, it actually works on any UNIX-like OS and offers a
option. Alan Cox points out that Bliss ``does not circumvent the
security of the system, it relies on people with privilege to do something
dumb'' and reminds users to install digitally signed software from
trustworthy sites only and to check signatures before installing.
``In fact it's probably easier to write a virus for Linux
because it's open source and the code is available. So we
will be seeing more Linux viruses as the OS becomes more common and
popular.''--Wishful thinking from McAfee
Linux Weekly News begins publication with Jonathan Corbet and
Elizabeth Coolbaugh as founders. The very first issue, dated January 22,
was just a tiny hint of what LWN was to become.
Netscape announces that they will release the source to their browser
under a free software license. This almost certainly remains one of the
most important events of the year; it opened a lot of eyes to what Linux
and free software could provide.
Red Hat Advanced Development Labs (RHAD) is founded. It has since become one of
the higher-profile places where people are paid to develop free software
and an important component of the GNOME Project. RHAD is able to attract
developers like ``Rasterman'' (although only for a short time)
and Federico Mena-Quintero.
The Cobalt Qube is announced and immediately becomes a favorite in
the trade press due to its high performance, low price and cute form
factor. Cobalt's Linux engineering is done by none other than
David Miller, the source of much that is good in the Linux kernel.
The Linux user community wins InfoWorld's technical support award;
Red Hat 5.0 also won their Operating System award. But it was the tech
support award that truly opened some eyes; everybody had been saying
that Linux had no support. This was the beginning of the end of the
``no support'' argument.
Eric Raymond and friends come up with the term ``open
source''. They apply for trademark status and put up the
opensource.org web site. Thus begins the formal effort to
push Linux for corporate use.
Consumer advocate Ralph Nader asks the large PC vendors (Dell,
Gateway, Micron, etc.) to offer non-Microsoft systems, including systems
with Linux installed.
Linux is covered by the US National Public Radio news, marking one
of its first appearances in the mainstream, nontechnical press.
O'Reilly holds the ``first ever'' Free Software Summit,
featuring Larry Wall, Brian Behlendorf, Linus Torvalds, Guido van Rossum,
Eric Allman, Phil Zimmermann, Eric Raymond and Paul Vixie.
The Google search engine pops up. Not only is it one of the best
search engines around, but it's based on Linux and features a
Linux-specific search page.
Big databases start to arrive. Support for Linux is announced by Computer
Associates for their Ingres system and by Ardent Software for their O2
``Like a lot of products that are free, you get a loyal
following even though it's small. I've never had a customer
mention Linux to me.''--Bill Gates, PC Week, June 25,
``...these operating systems will not find widespread use in
mainstream commercial applications in the next three years, nor will
there be broad third-party application support.''--The Gartner
Group says there is little hope for free software.
A Datapro study comes out showing that Linux has the highest user
satisfaction of any system; it also shows Linux to be the only system
other than Microsoft Windows NT that is increasing its market share.
IBM announces that it will distribute and support the Apache web server
after working a deal with the Apache team.
The desktop wars rage as KDE and GNOME advocates hurl flames at each
other. Linus gets in on the act, saying that KDE is okay with him. In
this context, KDE 1.0 is released. The first stable release of the K
Desktop Environment proves to be popular, despite the complaints from
those who do not like the licensing of the Qt library.
Informix quietly releases software for Linux. Meanwhile, Oracle beats
Informix to the punch PR-wise and makes a Linux-friendly announcement
first, suggesting that they would soon be supporting Linux. Oracle
promises to make a trial version available by the end of 1998, a deadline
they beat by months. This, seemingly, was one of the acid tests for
the potential of long-term success for Linux; a great deal of attention
resulted from both Informix's and Oracle's
Informix announces support for Linux effectively moments after Oracle
does so. Sybase later announces their support for Linux also.
Linus appears on the cover of Forbes magazine. A lengthy story
presents Linux in a highly positive manner and brings the system to
the attention of many who had never heard of it before. Linux begins to
become a household word.
LinuxToday.com is launched by Dave Whitinger and Dwight Johnson. The
site, later acquired by Internet.com, arguably becomes the most well-read
and visited Linux portal of all time.
Microsoft's Steve Ballmer admits that they are ``worried''
about free software and suggests that some of the Windows NT source code may
be made available to developers. The same month Microsoft goes on to
list Linux as a competitive threat in its annual SEC (US Securities and
Exchange Commission) filing. Speculation abounds that their real purpose
is to influence the upcoming antitrust trial.
``For the moment, however, the company from Redmond, Washington,
seems almost grateful for the rising profile of Linux, seeing it as
an easy way of demonstrating that Windows is not a monopoly, ahead
of its antitrust trial, scheduled to begin on October 15. That may be
short-sighted. In the long run, Linux and other open-source programs
could cause Mr. Gates much grief.''--The Economist,
October 3, 1998
Intel and Netscape (and two venture capital firms) announce minority
investments in Red Hat Software. The money is to be used to build
an ``enterprise support division'' within Red Hat. An
unbelievable amount of press is generated by this event, which is seen
as a big-business endorsement of Linux.
Corel announces that WordPerfect 8 for Linux will be downloadable for
free for ``personal use''. They also announce a partnership
with Red Hat to supply Linux for the Netwinder.
A report from IDC says that Linux shipments rose by more than 200% in
1998, and its market share rose by more than 150%. Linux has a 17% market
share and a growth rate unmatched by any other system on the market.
``Microsoft Corp. will shout it out to the world when Windows
2000 finally ships. Linux creator Linus Torvalds announced the arrival
of the next generation of Linux, version 2.2, with a simple note to
the Linux-kernel mailing list.''--Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols,
Samba 2.0 is released. It contains a reverse-engineered implementation
of the Microsoft domain controller protocols, allowing Linux servers to
provide complete services to Windows networks.
Hewlett-Packard and Compaq announce plans to offer Linux-based systems.
Later, Dell also announces plans to begin selling Linux-installed
systems. SGI contents itself with providing information on how to bring
up Linux on its systems.
Loki Entertainment Software announces that it will port Civilization:
Call to Power to Linux.
Linux and BSD users unite for ``Windows Refund Day''. They
visit Microsoft, hoping to return the unused Windows licenses that they
were forced to acquire when they purchased a computer system bundled
with the OS.
``Like a Russian revolutionary erased from a photograph,
he is being written out of history. Stallman is the originator of the
Free Software movement and the GNU/Linux operating system. But you
wouldn't know it from reading about LinuxWorld (Expo). Linus
Torvalds got all the ink.''--Leander Kahney, Wired
magazine, March 1999
The first LinuxWorld Conference and Expo is held in San Jose,
California. As the first big commercial ``tradeshow'' event
for Linux, it serves notice to the world that Linux has arrived; 12,000
people are said to have attended.
Linux Magazine debuts, bringing some additional competition to the
Linux print business. Later, other magazines rise and fall including
Open, Journal of Linux Technology (JOLT) and Maximum
VA Research buys the Linux.com domain for $1,000,000 and
announces plans to turn it into a Linux portal. Microsoft's rumored
bid for the domain is frustrated.
``...please imagine what it is like to see an idealistic project
stymied and made ineffective because people don't usually give it
the credit for what it has done. If you're an idealist like me, that
can ruin your whole decade.''--Richard Stallman on
Al Gore's presidential campaign web site claims to be open
source. That claim is gone, but the site still claims: ``In the
spirit of the Open Source movement, we have established the Gore 2000
Volunteer Source Code Project; www.algore2000.com is an
HP announces 24/7 support services for the Caldera, Turbolinux, Red Hat
and SuSE distributions. They also release OpenMail for Linux.
The Linux FreeS/WAN Project releases a free IPSec implementation,
allowing Linux to function as a VPN gateway using what is now the
``But the mere fact that there is now an official SEC document
that includes the text of the GPL serves as fairly astonishing
proof that the rules of the software business really are being
rewritten.''--Andrew Leonard, Salon
``Those two little words--open source--have become a
magical incantation, like portal in 1998 or push in 1997. Just whisper
them and all will be yours: media attention, consumer interest and,
of course, venture capital.''--Andrew Leonard, Wired
First Intel IA-64 ``Merced'' silicon. Although Intel had
given simulators to several OS vendors, Linux is the only OS to run
on the new architecture on its first day. The Register headline:
``Merced silicon happens: Linux runs, NT doesn't''.
SGI announces the 1400L--a Linux-based server system. SGI also
announces a partnership with Red Hat and begins contributing to kernel
development in a big way.
Red Hat's initial public offering happens; a last-minute repricing
helps to create difficulties for people participating in the community
offering. The stock price immediately rises to $50; a value that seems
high at the time.
``For the umpteenth time, someone paved paradise, put up a parking
lot. For the thousands of Linux coders who've built the utopian
open-source movement--offering free help to create a free operating
system--the IPO of Red Hat Software was a sure sign of Wall Street
cutting the ribbon on the new Linux mall.''--The Industry
Motorola jumps into Linux announcements of embedded systems products,
support and training services, and a partnership with Lineo.
Sun acquires StarDivision; it announces plans to release StarOffice under
the Sun Community Source License and to make a web-enabled version of
the office suite.
``Burlington Coat Factory Warehouse Corp. in Burlington,
New Jersey is spending $1 million or so to buy 1,250 Linux-equipped PCs
from Dell, but it won't pay Red Hat a dime for support',
says Michael Prince, chief information officer. I suppose Red
Hat's business model makes sense to somebody, but it makes no sense
to us', he says.''--Daniel Lyons, Forbes, May 31,
1999. Then in September, Burlington ended up purchasing support from
The first big Linux stock rush happens. Shares in Applix more than
double in volume, reaching nearly 27 million shares--three times
the 9 million shares that are actually on the market.
SCO trashes Linux in a brochure distributed in Northern Europe:
``Linux at this moment can be considered more a plaything for
IT students rather than a serious operating system in which to place
the functioning, security and future of a business. Because Linux is
basically a free-for-all it means that no individual person/company is
accountable should anything go wrong, plus there is no way to predict
which way Linux will evolve.''
Stock in Red Hat hits $135/share. The price seems unbelievably high
at the time.
Sun Microsystems announces that it will release the source to
Solaris under the Sun Community Source License. The actual release drew
criticism: ``In a move aimed at Linux, Sun said it will announce Wednesday
that it is making the source code for its new Solaris 8 operating
system open'. Webster's has lots of definitions for
the word, including not sealed, fastened, or locked'. But
when you dig into the details of Sun's announcement, you'll
find that what it is offering doesn't come close to meeting
the dictionary's definition, let alone that of the Open Source
movement.''--Lawrence Aragon, Redherring.com,
January 26, 2000
``...if there's one thing about Linux users, they're
do-ers, not whiners.''--Andy Patrizio,
Red Hat buys Cygnus for almost $700 million in stock. Rumors of other
acquisitions by Red Hat begin to circulate and show no signs of stopping.
VA Linux Systems goes public after two repricings (originally
priced at $11-$13/share). The final IPO price is $30/share; that
price rises immediately to $300 before closing around $250. It sets the
record for the biggest IPO rise in the history of the NASDAQ.
``Gee. Remember when the big question was How do we make
money at this?'''--Eric Raymond
VA Linux Systems announces SourceForge (although the site had
actually been up and running since November 1999). SourceForge also
makes the code for its operation available under the GPL. By the end of
the year, SourceForge hosted over 12,000 projects and 92,000 registered
Version 1.0 of Red Flag Linux is released in the People's Republic
Transmeta breaks its long silence and tells the world what it has been
up to--the Crusoe chip, of course.
The Linux Professional Institute announces the availability of its first
Linux professional certification exam.
Linux wannabe press releases flow from companies trying to ride on the
success of Linux stocks. Vitamins.com, for example, posts the following:
``Vitamins.com has further distinguished itself in the competitive
Internet health industry race by being one of the first to integrate
the Linux Operating System, produced by Red Hat, the leading developer
and provider of open-source software solutions.''
The latest IDC report suggests that Linux now ranks as the
``second-most-popular operating system for server computers'',
with 25% of the server operating system sales in 1999. Windows NT is first
with 38% and NetWare ranks third with 19%. IDC previously predicted that
Linux would get up to the number two position--in 2002 or 2003. The
revolution appears to be well ahead of schedule.
VA Linux Systems acquisition of Andover.net in a high-profile purchase
that values Andover shares at 0.425 of VA's, or roughly $50/share.
Andover.net is the owner of the popular web sites Slashdot.org
LinuxMall.com and Frank Kaspar and Associates also have made plans
to merge. LinuxMall.com has been at the top of the retail side of
Linux almost since the very beginning; Kaspar is one of the largest
Red Hat wins InfoWorld's ``Product of the Year'' award
for the fourth time in a row.
``The law in open code means that no actor can gain ultimate
control over open-source code. Even the kings can't get ultimate
control over the code. For example, if Linus Torvalds, father of the
Linux kernel, tried to steer GNU/Linux in a way that others in the
community rejected, then others in the community could always have
removed the offending part and gone in a different way. This threat
constrains the kings; they can only lead where they know the people
will follow.''--``Innovation, Regulation, and the
Internet'' by Lawrence Lessig for The American Prospect.
A new version of LILO is posted that is able to get past the 1024-cylinder
boot limit that has plagued PC systems for years.
The latest Netcraft survey shows Apache running on just over 60% of
Caldera Systems goes public after a short delay, on March 21. The stock,
which was offered at $14/share, began trading at $26 and closed at
$29.44. It thus registered a 110% gain on its first day.
``Caldera knows of no company that has built a profitable business
based in whole or in part on open-source software.''--Caldera
Walnut Creek (the parent company for Slackware) and BSDi announce their
merger. Yahoo! will be taking an equity investment in the new
Motorola Computer Group announces the release of its HA Linux
distribution. This distribution is aimed at telecommunications
applications that require very high amounts of uptime; it includes
hot-swap capability and is available for the i386 and PowerPC
The Embedded Linux Consortium is announced. Its goal is ``to amplify
the depth, breadth and speed of Linux adoption in the enormous embedded
computer market''. The initial leader will be Rick Lehrbaum, the man
behind the LinuxDevices.com and DesktopLinux.com
web sites, among other things.
Ericsson announces its ``Screen Phone HS210'' product--a
Linux-based telephone with a touchscreen that can be used for e-mail,
web browsing, etc. Ericsson and Opera Software also announce that
Ericsson's (Linux-based) HS210 Screen Phone will
incorporate the Opera web browser.
Code is ruled to be speech. On April 4, 2000, the United States
Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit published its decision regarding
Peter Junger's challenge to the Export Administration Regulations
that prevented him from posting information on the Internet that
contained cryptographic example code. Most critical in the ruling:
``Because computer source code is an expressive means for the
exchange of information and ideas about computer programming, we hold
that it is protected by the First Amendment.''
Andy Tanenbaum releases the the Minix operating system under the BSD
license. Had Minix been open source from the beginning, Linux may never
SuSE releases the first supported Linux distribution for the IBM
``Approximately 140 distribution companies exist across the
globe. We believe all but the top five will be bought, will go out of
business or will be relegated to insignificance. Market-share leaders
are currently defined around geographic boundaries. Red Hat has the
largest global brand recognition and leading North American market share;
SuSE leads in Europe, Turbolinux leads in Asia, and Conectiva leads in
South America.''--Keith Bachman, an analyst for WR Hambrecht,
predicting in The Red Herring
Commercial considerations help prompt the relicensing of MySQL under
the GPL. Now the two freely available databases that are widely used
in the Linux and Free Software communities, PostgreSQL and MySQL, meet
the Debian Free Software Guidelines and the Open Source Guidelines. In
addition, Progress Software forms a new company, NuSphere, just for the
purpose of supporting MySQL.
``In a world of NDA-bound business agreements, Debian is
an open book. In a world of mission statements, Debian has a social
contract. At a time when commercial distributors are striving to see
how much proprietary software they can pack into a box of Linux, Debian
remains the bastion of software freedom--living proof that you can
have a fully functional and usable operating system without needing any
proprietary code.''--Evan Leibovitch, ZDNet
Sun announces that StarOffice is to be released under the GPL. The code
is going to be reworked, integrated with Bonobo and GTK, and released
as a set of reusable components. StarOffice will also be reworked to
use a set of open XML-based file formats.
Oracle's Linux-based internet appliance system hits the shelves. The
``New Internet Computer'' (NIC) is the latest result of Larry
Ellison's long personal crusade to make non-Microsoft systems
available to the world. It's aimed at people who only want access
to the Net; as such, it's essentially a $199 (without monitor)
Reports first appear that SCO may be purchased by Caldera. Later in 2000
Caldera and SCO announce their intent for Caldera International to be
formed from Caldera's existing operation and two of SCO's
Ted Ts'o steps forward to become the new 2.4 status list maintainer.
Alan Cox was doing the job until he said that it was time to ``find
someone else to maintain it''. Ted Ts'o responded to
Linus' subsequent call for a new status list maintainer.
HP, Intel, IBM and NEC announce the ``Open Source Development
Lab'', which makes large hardware available to Linux developers
for benchmarking and testing.
``I'm a bastard. I have absolutely no clue why people
can ever think otherwise. Yet they do. People think I'm a nice
guy, and the fact is that I'm a scheming, conniving bastard who
doesn't care for any hurt feelings or lost hours of work if it
just results in what I consider to be a better system.''--Linus
Torvalds trying to change his image.
The RSA patent expires, allowing for secure web transactions without
Trolltech releases the Qt library under the GPL, putting a definitive
end to a long-running and unpleasant license flame war.
The CueCat fiasco begins. Digital Convergence attempts to shut down
programmers who have written Linux drivers for its CueCat bar code
scanner. The company has given out large numbers of these scanners for
free, expecting people to use them with its proprietary software and web
site. The threats cause the drivers to become marginally harder to find
for a short period, after which the company declares victory and moves on.
Microsoft says that penguins can mutate in a European print ad that
quickly becomes famous.
``I was dumbfounded to discover that installing Linux was
easy. Why? Well, the world has changed. No more do you have to understand
everything about Linux before you install it, downloading the many chunks
of code necessary to run a complete system and getting them all to work
together. That was BSW--before shrink-wrap. With companies such as
Red Hat and Corel putting all the software you need in a box, the pain is
(nearly) gone.''--John Schwartz, Washington Post
IBM announces plans to invest $1 billion in Linux in 2001.
The long-awaited 2.4.0 kernel was released on January 4.
The US National Security Agency (NSA) releases SELinux under the GPL.
SELinux offers an additional layer of security checks in addition to
the standard UNIX-like permissions system.
The Linux 2.5 kernel summit is held in San Jose, California; it is,
perhaps, the most complete gathering of Linux kernel hackers in history.
IBM gets into trouble over its ``Peace, Love and Linux''
graffiti in several cities.
``Slackware has always made money (who else producing a commercial
distribution can say that?), but with BSDi we ended up strapped to a
sinking ship.''--Patrick Volkerding
Sony's PlayStation Linux kit, shipped in Japan, sells out in
eight minutes despite a doubling of the available stock.
Sharp announces its upcoming Linux PDA based on Lineo's
VA Linux Systems exits the hardware business, choosing to focus on
SourceForge instead. Later VA drops the word ``Linux'' from
its name altogether, relaunching as VA Software Corporation.
``In a press release issued Wednesday afternoon, VA Linux
CEO Larry M. Augustin called the shift in strategy a logical
move. Our differentiating strength has always been our software
expertise', Augustin said''.--Wired. You only
thought VA was a hardware company.
Free Dmitry! Dmitry Sklyarov is arrested in Las Vegas after Adobe
complains about the Advanced eBook Processor. The following month he is
charged with DMCA violations and conspiracy: the potential penalties
add up to 25 years in prison. Dmitry's defense is based on
constitutional challenges to the DMCA, on free speech and jurisdictional
issues. Later in the year, charges are dropped, conditional on one year
of good behavior and testimony in the ElcomSoft trial.
``Although Adobe withdrew its support for the criminal complaint
against Dmitry Sklyarov, we respect the grand jury and federal
government's decision to prosecute the company, ElcomSoft, and as
a law-abiding corporate citizen, Adobe intends to cooperate fully with
the government as required by law.''--Adobe's
Sharp Electronics Corporation begins a special Linux developer
prerelease of the Zaurus PDA to attract free software developers to the
hot new platform.
Avaya, the former PBX and enterprise systems division of Lucent,
announces Linux-based PBX systems.
``So there are some--and I'd list myself
among them--who believe that the return to Earth is a good
thing. There's nothing wrong with making a buck, but Linux
doesn't benefit from being elevated beyond reality on a shaky
foundation.''--Evan Leibovitch takes a look at the post-rush
world of Linux.
What Others Have to Say about Linux
Journal's 100th Issue